Archivi categoria: study

The US Copyright Office Wants to Hear Your Thoughts on ‘Moral Rights’

The US Copyright Office is currently doing a study on the “Moral Rights of Attribution and Integrity.” Want to play a part in the development of US copyright law moving forward? You can weigh in and share your views on the matter.

“The term ‘moral rights’ is taken from the French phrase droit moral and generally refers to certain noneconomic rights that are considered personal to an author,” the copyright office writes. “Chief among these rights are the right of an author to be credited as the author of his or her work (the right of attribution) and the right to prevent prejudicial distortions of the work (the right of integrity). These rights have a long history in international copyright law.”

The government wants to know how current US copyright law is working with regards to these moral rights, and it’s trying to figure out whether additional productions is needed.

Here’s the notice of inquiry with more information and questions you can respond to:

Example questions, found at the bottom of the notice, include:

“Should additional moral rights protection be considered? If so, what specific changes should be considered by Congress?”

“Would stronger protections for either the right of attribution or the right of integrity implicate the First Amendment? If so, how should they be reconciled?”

“How does, or could, technology be used to address, facilitate, or resolve challenges and problems faced by authors who want to protect the attribution and integrity of their works?”

If you’d like to share your thoughts with the copyright office, you’ll need to do so before March 30th, 2017. You can submit your comments through this page.

(via US Copyright Office via PDNPulse)

Study Finds People Like Taking Selfies but Not Looking at Them

A small study out of Europe is confirming what many of us probably knew intuitively already: while plenty of people love taking their own selfies, most people have no interest in looking at anybody else’s.

The findings were published in a paper titled The Selfie Paradox: Nobody Seems to Like Them Yet Everyone Has Reasons to Take Them by Sarah Diefenbach and Lara Christoforakos of Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, and they’re based on a study of 238 people from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. 238 people from three countries is hardly a representative sample, which is why we’re calling this a “small” study and taking the results with a grain of salt, but their findings seem to corroborate common sense.

People enjoy taking and sharing selfies, but they don’t like looking at them.

77% of respondents said they took a selfie at least once a month, 27% once per week or more. But 90% of the same group said they viewed other peoples selfies as “self-promotion” (only 46% said the same of their own selfies) and even those who took selfies most often said they preferred to view non-selfie photos on social media.

“People taking many selfies themselves tend not to like viewing others’ selfie-pictures, and rather wish for a higher number of usual photos,” write the authors of the paper. “This expresses a somewhat paradox[ical] situation, where many people are engaged in selfies, but at the same time wish for a reduction of selfies in social media.”

Admittedly, this is a small, very cursory study limited in culture and region. But it lends some credence to something you’ve probably thought (and maybe even said) for a while now: nobody cares about your selfies.

(via DPReview)

Image credits: Selfie by Paško Tomić.

87% of UK Freelance Photogs Asked to Work for Free in 2016; 16% Said Yes

The issue of businesses asking photographers to work for free has been a hot issue in recent years, and now we have some citable statistics that shed more light on it. According to a new study in the UK, 87% of photographers were asked to work for free in 2016, and 16% said yes.

The research was conducted by the UK startup, which surveyed 1,009 part-time and full-time freelancers in the UK who have taken on freelance contracts over the past 5 years.

The study “reveals an alarming trend for corporate ‘entitlement’ when it comes to how freelance professionals are treated,” tells PetaPixel.

Of all freelancers across all industries (e.g. photography, writing, design), 70% of people were asked to work for free, and 10% said yes. So it seems that photographers have a higher rate of being asked for free services (and agreeing to those requests) compared to other types of creatives.

“Photographers, copywriters and graphic designers were the most likely freelance professionals to be asked to work without pay,” concludes.

Age seems to play a big role: freelancers under 25 years of age were twice as likely to be asked to work for free compared to those older than 25.

Gender also appears to be a factor in the issue of free work requests, as women were more likely asked to work for free than men: the survey found that 55% of those asked to work for free were women. Women were also more likely to agree: 59% of those that did free work were female.

So why do freelancers work for free? It turns out respondents overwhelmingly (80%) said it was for experience rather than exposure, believing that doing the work would help further their careers.

“I think this is a serious problem,” says University of Manchester business school professor Sir Cary Cooper CBE. “It’s natural for freelancers to look to build relationships with potential clients, and working on-spec is tempting when the client dangles the carrot of future commissions.”

“But it rarely works out the way the freelancer expects and it can lead to a broad lowering of demand for experienced, but comparatively expensive, professionals.”

Study Reveals Which States Take the Most #DrivingSelfies


The Auto Insurance Center used Instagram hashtags to put together another study about people and driving. Last time, they tackled road rage, this time, they wanted to see where people take the most selfies while driving.

In all, the study parsed 70,000 different Instagram posts with hashtags like #hopeidontcrash, #drivingselfie, and #selfiewhiledriving, combining that info with geotagging data to find out in which states people were most likely to risk their lives by taking a picture while driving.


They also looked at the age range most likely to use the hashtags, and even put all their data into an interactive map that shows a little blip every time and place a driving selfie was posted over the past 5 years—that last one is particularly scary, because you get to see just how much the posts have increased.

All the findings are worth taking a look at… unless you’re easily freaked out by statistics that imply you might be crashed into any second by someone snapping a #drivingselfie.

On the other hand, if you’re one of the people posting these, it goes without saying that you should stop immediately and reconsider your life choices. No Instagram photo is worth the hashtag #ihopeidontcrash.

(via Auto Insurance Center via PopPhoto)

Instagram Likes and Comments Drop 33% in a Year


Instagram boasts over 400 million users now and has never been more popular. But even though user growth charges forward, the interaction rate by users appears to be trending downward. A new study reports a 33% drop in Likes and Comments over a one year period.

This detail was discovered through a study conducted by social media analytics firm Quintly, which writes that the “total amount of interactions [is] on a steep drop.”

While users with 1 to 1,000 followers didn’t see much change in interactions, Instagram users with 100,000+ followers saw interactions drop by 36%. The biggest users with 10 million+ followers saw an even bigger fall.

Follower Count Graphic 01-4

Even with the decline, however, interactions on Instagram are still higher than services such as Facebook and Twitter.

One reason for this change may be cluttered timelines: as the service continues to expand with more and more celebrities and companies on it, and as users follow more and more accounts, their timelines are becoming increasingly cluttered.

“[T]he individual user has more content in his or her timeline but is not necessarily eager to interact more as he did one year ago,” writes Quintly. “Thus, the average interaction on each post decreases.”

Another reason may be the increasingly commercial nature of Instagram, which is seeking to make huge profits from lucrative ads. The appearance of more businesses and ads could alienate users, Quintly says, “which results in less interactions as well.”

To make sure your followers interact with your posts, try to “be as authentic as possible,” suggests Quintly. Whether you’re posting photos as an individual photographer or as a brand, it helps to have your content feel more personal, warm, and friendly — like something “posted by a ‘good friend’.”

It’ll also be interesting to see how Instagram’s new change from a chronological timeline to an algorithm-powered one will affect interaction rates.

(via Quintly via Quartz)